His van Lierop Eurojust Spokesperson 00 31 70 412 5518 Mobil: 00 31 6 27194773 email@example.com Eurojust coordinates in different ways. One of them is Phase II, which has already been described above. However, most coordination is carried out by a specific form of operational instrument, called coordination meetings. These meetings bring together the competent judicial and law enforcement authorities of the Member States who conduct investigations and prosecutions at the national level. Simultaneous translation helps to enable direct communication between participants on demanding legal and practical issues. Coordinating meetings are organised and funded by Eurojust (including participants` travel expenses). It is important to note that representatives of third countries may be invited to participate and are regularly invited in all relevant cases17 As participants in the coordination meetings, they are entitled to full operational support from Eurojust, including simultaneous translation during the meeting. All that has been discussed in this article on Eurojust`s activities with regard to third countries concerns the current legal framework, which defines the functioning of Eurojust and its powers – the Eurojust decision of 2002 (as amended in 2009). As part of this act, Eurojust has enjoyed a high degree of autonomy in its relations with third countries (as well as with EU institutions and international organisations).
This legal framework provided for the important role of the Council (and the joint supervisory body) in concluding cooperation agreements, but the decision to enter into negotiations was in Eurojust`s hands and taking into account its operational needs. However, the new Eurojust Regulation, which will come into force on 12 December 2019, makes several changes in this regard. For example, the Pollino case: www.eurojust.europa.eu/doclibrary/corporate/Infographics/Coordinated severe crackdown on the Ndrangheta mafia in Europe, December 5, 2018/2018-12-05_Infographic-crackdown-on-Ndrangheta.pdf and the case of Santa Lucia: www.eurojust.europa.eu/doclibrary/corporate/Infographics/Operation Santa Lucia, 2017/2017 Operation SantaLucia.pdf Video: www.eurojust.europa.eu/press/Pages/video.aspx.↩ Eurojust is a college body. It is made up of national members representing their respective national judicial authorities. As such, they are formally part of their respective national judicial systems (specific modalities are governed by relevant national legislation) and their salaries and emoluments fall under the jurisdiction of their respective Member States. The competences of national members and the operational functions of Eurojust are defined in Regulation12 In order to exercise its operational competences, Eurojust acts either through one or more of its national members or through the College of Eurojust. The whole exchange of information between Eurojust and the Member States is carried out through national members13. This is important since national members are in turn integrated into their respective national (judicial) authorities, which means that any exchange of information between Eurojust and the Member States is considered intra-national. Unless no cooperation agreement has been reached, ↩ international agreements offer the possibility of systematically exchanging operational information, including personal evidence and data, between Eurojust and the national authorities of the countries concerned and international organisations.